An ENT, or otolaryngologist, is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions of the ear, nose, and throat. You need to see an ENT if you have problems with your hearing, balance, smell, taste, voice, or throat. ENTs also treat allergies and sinus infections.
You might need to see an ENT if you’re experiencing any of the following symptoms:
1- Ear pain
This condition can be caused by some things, including an ear infection, a swimmer’s ear or a foreign object lodged in the ear. When you visit an ENT, they’ll likely use a lighted instrument called an otoscope to look inside the ear and determine the cause of the pain. The next step is to treat the underlying condition.
Tinnitus is a condition that causes a ringing, buzzing, or roaring sound in the ear that isn’t caused by external noise. It can be intermittent or constant, and it may vary in intensity. ENTs can assess tinnitus and provide relief through treatments like sound therapy and masking devices.
3- Hearing loss
There are many possible causes of hearing loss, including exposure to loud noise, age-related changes, and certain medical conditions. ENTs can perform tests to determine the cause of hearing loss and recommend a treatment plan. Some treatment options for hearing loss include hearing aids and cochlear implants.
4- Balance problems
If you’re experiencing dizziness or vertigo, an ENT can help. These symptoms can be caused by various conditions, including Meniere’s disease, vestibular neuritis, and BPPV (benign paroxysmal positional vertigo). The goal of treatment is to reduce the symptoms and improve balance.
Hoarseness is a common symptom of voice disorders like laryngitis, vocal cord paralysis, and GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease). ENTs can evaluate hoarseness and recommend treatments to help alleviate the symptoms.
6- Swallowing problems
Swallowing problems can be caused by some conditions, including GERD, esophageal cancer, and dysphagia (difficulty swallowing). ENTs can help diagnose the underlying cause of the problem and recommend a treatment plan.
7- Nasal congestion
Nasal congestion can be caused by allergies, the common cold, or sinusitis. ENTs can help clear the congestion and treat the underlying condition.
There are various treatment approaches used, including;
- Antihistamines: When it comes to allergies, antihistamines can be used to help relieve symptoms of nasal congestion. These medications work by blocking the action of histamine, a substance your body produces in response to an allergen.
- Decongestants: Decongestants are medications that help to reduce swelling in the blood vessels in the nose. This can help to reduce congestion.
- Steroid nasal sprays: These nasal sprays help reduce nose inflammation.
- Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct a problem causing nasal congestion. Do not worry about the entitled fees; various ways can aid in lowering the cost of surgery. Contact your insurance company, as some policies may cover the ENT.
If you’re experiencing any of the above symptoms, make an appointment with an ENT. They can help to diagnose and treat the underlying condition. This is not an exhaustive list but rather a starting guide. More serious conditions may require specialized ENT care.